What Is Gingival Hyperplasia And How To Treat It?

Gingival hyperplasia refers to an overgrowth of gums over your teeth. There may also be a protruding bump in your gums. Finding the root cause of this problem can be challenging, and you may wonder if you can do something about it at home. Well, getting professional help seems the best option as always. Experts will tell you about the root cause of the problem, and they will suggest the best possible solution.

The root cause

Gingival hyperplasia is a condition causing an overgrowth of your gums. This condition is opposite to that involves too little gum growth.

The severity of this condition can vary from a tiny bump to an overgrowth. In some cases, the overgrowth can result in the gum covering your teeth completely. The good thing is that this condition is not contagious.

This condition can have several underlying reasons. Understanding why you have this condition is essential to its treatment and prevention.

Causes of gingival hyperplasia

This condition can happen due to four reasons.

  • The first root cause of gingival hyperplasia is the inflammatory response. Improper dental care can lead to plaque accumulation, which can inflame your gums. This inflammation can lead to gum sensitivity and overall vulnerability to bleed. It is commonly called gingivitis. The good thing is that gingivitis is reversible at home. Staying on top of your oral hygiene is your best bet to get rid of gingivitis.
  • Gingival hyperplasia can occur as a side-effect of certain medications. A few drugs that can raise the risk of gingival hyperplasia may include Cyclosporine, Phenytoin, and Calcium channel blockers. To avoid their side effects, you must not modify their dosages unless recommended by your doctor.
  • Gingival hyperplasia can sometimes be a genetic condition. It can appear at any age. Hereditary gingival fibromatosis is one of the conditions associated with gingival hyperplasia. This condition results in a firm growth of your gums. Your dentist will see if you need to get this problem treated. Treatment will involve the removal or reduction of your gum tissues to expose your teeth appropriately.
  • Certain acute or chronic conditions can result in the change of hormones, leading to the development of gingival hyperplasia. These reasons or causes include leukemia, pregnancy, and other chronic health conditions.


If you notice signs of gingival hyperplasia, speak to your dentist. Since this overgrowth can happen due to many reasons, self-diagnosis may not work for you.

The best way is to let your dentist diagnose and treat the problem. Since this condition can point to an underlying health disorder, getting it diagnosed by a health expert may help you find a cure for that underlying cause on time.


The treatment of this condition will depend on why you have it. Aside from the immediate treatment to expose teeth, you may also have to remedy that underlying reason. If this condition has occurred due to medication, you may need to ask your doctor about the alternative treatment.

And finally, it is best to stay on top of your oral hygiene. This condition shouldn’t stop you from brushing and flossing your teeth daily.